Romanticism is a complex artistic, literary, and intellectual movement that originated in the second half of the 18th century in Western Europe, and gained strength during the Industrial Revolution. It was partly a revolt against aristocratic social and political norms of the Age of Enlightenment and a reaction against the scientific rationalization of nature, and was embodied most strongly in the visual arts, music, and literature.

The movement stressed strong emotion as a source of aesthetic experience, placing new emphasis on such emotions as trepidation, horror and awe-especially that which is experienced in confronting the sublimity of untamed nature and its picturesque qualities, both new aesthetic categories. It elevated folk art and custom to something noble, and argued for a "natural" epistemology of human activities as conditioned by nature in the form of language, custom and usage.

Our modern sense of a romantic character is sometimes based on Byronic or Romantic ideals. Romanticism reached beyond the rational and Classicist ideal models to elevate medievalism and elements of art and narrative perceived to be authentically medieval, in an attempt to escape the confines of population growth, urban sprawl and industrialism, and it also attempted to embrace the exotic, unfamiliar and distant in modes more authentic than chinoiserie, harnessing the power of the imagination to envision and to escape.

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Page 9 of 92   Paintings: 1100
Illustration from A Midsummer Nights Dream by William... - Christian August Printz - www.romanticism-in-art.org
Illustration from A Midsummer Nights Dream by William...
Christian August Printz
Armageddon, 1852 - Joseph Paul Pettit - www.romanticism-in-art.org
Armageddon, 1852
Joseph Paul Pettit
Little Red Riding Hood 1862 - Isabel Oakley Naftel - www.romanticism-in-art.org
Little Red Riding Hood 1862
Isabel Oakley Naftel
Human Skeleton, Anterior View, Right Arm Outstretched... - George Stubbs - www.romanticism-in-art.org
Human Skeleton, Anterior View, Right Arm Outstretched...
George Stubbs
Portrait of a Negress 1800 - Marie-Guillemine Benoist - www.romanticism-in-art.org
Portrait of a Negress 1800
Marie-Guillemine Benoist
Snow Scene in the Black Forest - Carl Friedrich Wilhelm Trautschold - www.romanticism-in-art.org
Snow Scene in the Black Forest
Carl Friedrich Wilhelm Trautschold
The Seven Ages of Man The Infant from Act II, Scene... - Robert Smirke - www.romanticism-in-art.org
The Seven Ages of Man The Infant from Act II, Scene...
Robert Smirke
The Death of Sardanapalus 1827 - Eugene Delacroix - www.romanticism-in-art.org
The Death of Sardanapalus 1827
Eugene Delacroix
Fish Fishing for People 1844 - Jean-Jacques Grandville - www.romanticism-in-art.org
Fish Fishing for People 1844
Jean-Jacques Grandville
Cavalcade of Sikh Chieftains on Elephants, from Voyage... - Louis Henri de Rudder - www.romanticism-in-art.org
Cavalcade of Sikh Chieftains on Elephants, from Voyage...
Louis Henri de Rudder
Slave Market, Cairo, engraved by T.C. Bourne, 1840s - Henry Warren - www.romanticism-in-art.org
Slave Market, Cairo, engraved by T.C. Bourne, 1840s
Henry Warren
Taking of Jerusalem by the Crusaders, 15th July 1099... - Emile Signol - www.romanticism-in-art.org
Taking of Jerusalem by the Crusaders, 15th July 1099...
Emile Signol

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Page 9 of 92   Paintings: 1100