Romanticism is a complex artistic, literary, and intellectual movement that originated in the second half of the 18th century in Western Europe, and gained strength during the Industrial Revolution. It was partly a revolt against aristocratic social and political norms of the Age of Enlightenment and a reaction against the scientific rationalization of nature, and was embodied most strongly in the visual arts, music, and literature.

The movement stressed strong emotion as a source of aesthetic experience, placing new emphasis on such emotions as trepidation, horror and awe-especially that which is experienced in confronting the sublimity of untamed nature and its picturesque qualities, both new aesthetic categories. It elevated folk art and custom to something noble, and argued for a "natural" epistemology of human activities as conditioned by nature in the form of language, custom and usage.

Our modern sense of a romantic character is sometimes based on Byronic or Romantic ideals. Romanticism reached beyond the rational and Classicist ideal models to elevate medievalism and elements of art and narrative perceived to be authentically medieval, in an attempt to escape the confines of population growth, urban sprawl and industrialism, and it also attempted to embrace the exotic, unfamiliar and distant in modes more authentic than chinoiserie, harnessing the power of the imagination to envision and to escape.

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Page 9 of 92   Paintings: 1100
Galileo Galilei 1564-1642 before members of the Holy... - Joseph-Nicolas Robert-Fleury - www.romanticism-in-art.org
Galileo Galilei 1564-1642 before members of the Holy...
Joseph-Nicolas Robert-Fleury
Odysseus Deriding Polyphemus - Joseph Mallord William Turner - www.romanticism-in-art.org
Odysseus Deriding Polyphemus
Joseph Mallord William Turner
Male Nude Standing2 - Pierre-Paul Prud'hon - www.romanticism-in-art.org
Male Nude Standing2
Pierre-Paul Prud'hon
Ocelots in a Cage, 1874 - Joseph Wolf - www.romanticism-in-art.org
Ocelots in a Cage, 1874
Joseph Wolf
Esmeralda, 1839 - Charles Auguste Steuben - www.romanticism-in-art.org
Esmeralda, 1839
Charles Auguste Steuben
Portrait of Maria Luisa of Parma, Queen of Spain c... - Zacarias Gonzalez Velazquez - www.romanticism-in-art.org
Portrait of Maria Luisa of Parma, Queen of Spain c...
Zacarias Gonzalez Velazquez
North American Indian, from Modes et Costumes Historiques... - Hippolyte Louis Pauquet - www.romanticism-in-art.org
North American Indian, from Modes et Costumes Historiques...
Hippolyte Louis Pauquet
Ariel and Caliban, 1837 - David Scott - www.romanticism-in-art.org
Ariel and Caliban, 1837
David Scott
Portrait of a Negress 1800 - Marie-Guillemine Benoist - www.romanticism-in-art.org
Portrait of a Negress 1800
Marie-Guillemine Benoist
Venus Anadyomene, or Venus of the Sea, 1838 - Theodore Chasseriau - www.romanticism-in-art.org
Venus Anadyomene, or Venus of the Sea, 1838
Theodore Chasseriau
Little Red Riding Hood 1862 - Isabel Oakley Naftel - www.romanticism-in-art.org
Little Red Riding Hood 1862
Isabel Oakley Naftel
Illustration from A Midsummer Nights Dream by William... - Christian August Printz - www.romanticism-in-art.org
Illustration from A Midsummer Nights Dream by William...
Christian August Printz

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Page 9 of 92   Paintings: 1100