Romanticism is a complex artistic, literary, and intellectual movement that originated in the second half of the 18th century in Western Europe, and gained strength during the Industrial Revolution. It was partly a revolt against aristocratic social and political norms of the Age of Enlightenment and a reaction against the scientific rationalization of nature, and was embodied most strongly in the visual arts, music, and literature.

The movement stressed strong emotion as a source of aesthetic experience, placing new emphasis on such emotions as trepidation, horror and awe-especially that which is experienced in confronting the sublimity of untamed nature and its picturesque qualities, both new aesthetic categories. It elevated folk art and custom to something noble, and argued for a "natural" epistemology of human activities as conditioned by nature in the form of language, custom and usage.

Our modern sense of a romantic character is sometimes based on Byronic or Romantic ideals. Romanticism reached beyond the rational and Classicist ideal models to elevate medievalism and elements of art and narrative perceived to be authentically medieval, in an attempt to escape the confines of population growth, urban sprawl and industrialism, and it also attempted to embrace the exotic, unfamiliar and distant in modes more authentic than chinoiserie, harnessing the power of the imagination to envision and to escape.

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Page 8 of 92   Paintings: 1100
Lake Avernus Aeneas and the Cumaean Sibyl, c.1814-5 - Joseph Mallord William Turner - www.romanticism-in-art.org
Lake Avernus Aeneas and the Cumaean Sibyl, c.1814-5
Joseph Mallord William Turner
Largeness - Caspar David Friedrich - www.romanticism-in-art.org
Largeness
Caspar David Friedrich
Hebe, 1784 - Francisco Javier Ramos y Albertos - www.romanticism-in-art.org
Hebe, 1784
Francisco Javier Ramos y Albertos
St. Paul Preaching Before the Temple of Diana at Ephesus... - Adolf Pirsch - www.romanticism-in-art.org
St. Paul Preaching Before the Temple of Diana at Ephesus...
Adolf Pirsch
A Lion Attacking A Horse, c.1765 - George Stubbs - www.romanticism-in-art.org
A Lion Attacking A Horse, c.1765
George Stubbs
Meditation on the History of Italy 1850 - Francesco Paolo Hayez - www.romanticism-in-art.org
Meditation on the History of Italy 1850
Francesco Paolo Hayez
'Old Bear' medicine man of the Mandan Tribe, from a... - George Catlin - www.romanticism-in-art.org
'Old Bear' medicine man of the Mandan Tribe, from a...
George Catlin
The Signing of the Mayflower Compact 1900 - Edward Percy Moran - www.romanticism-in-art.org
The Signing of the Mayflower Compact 1900
Edward Percy Moran
The Staircase from Views of the Royal Pavilion, Brighton - John Nash - www.romanticism-in-art.org
The Staircase from Views of the Royal Pavilion, Brighton
John Nash
Chir Singh, Maharaja of the Sikhs with the King of... - Louis Henri de Rudder - www.romanticism-in-art.org
Chir Singh, Maharaja of the Sikhs with the King of...
Louis Henri de Rudder
Galileo Galilei 1564-1642 before members of the Holy... - Joseph-Nicolas Robert-Fleury - www.romanticism-in-art.org
Galileo Galilei 1564-1642 before members of the Holy...
Joseph-Nicolas Robert-Fleury
'Mint', a Mandan Indian girl, 1832 - George Catlin - www.romanticism-in-art.org
'Mint', a Mandan Indian girl, 1832
George Catlin

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Page 8 of 92   Paintings: 1100