Romanticism is a complex artistic, literary, and intellectual movement that originated in the second half of the 18th century in Western Europe, and gained strength during the Industrial Revolution. It was partly a revolt against aristocratic social and political norms of the Age of Enlightenment and a reaction against the scientific rationalization of nature, and was embodied most strongly in the visual arts, music, and literature.

The movement stressed strong emotion as a source of aesthetic experience, placing new emphasis on such emotions as trepidation, horror and awe-especially that which is experienced in confronting the sublimity of untamed nature and its picturesque qualities, both new aesthetic categories. It elevated folk art and custom to something noble, and argued for a "natural" epistemology of human activities as conditioned by nature in the form of language, custom and usage.

Our modern sense of a romantic character is sometimes based on Byronic or Romantic ideals. Romanticism reached beyond the rational and Classicist ideal models to elevate medievalism and elements of art and narrative perceived to be authentically medieval, in an attempt to escape the confines of population growth, urban sprawl and industrialism, and it also attempted to embrace the exotic, unfamiliar and distant in modes more authentic than chinoiserie, harnessing the power of the imagination to envision and to escape.

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Page 7 of 92   Paintings: 1100
Robert Fulton's (1765-1815) steamboat the Clermont... - Richard Varick De Witt - www.romanticism-in-art.org
Robert Fulton's (1765-1815) steamboat the Clermont...
Richard Varick De Witt
Eruption Of Vesuvius - Joseph Mallord William Turner - www.romanticism-in-art.org
Eruption Of Vesuvius
Joseph Mallord William Turner
Christ Calling the Apostles James and John  1869 - Edward Armitage - www.romanticism-in-art.org
Christ Calling the Apostles James and John 1869
Edward Armitage
Sleeping Nymph, 1850 - Theodore Chasseriau - www.romanticism-in-art.org
Sleeping Nymph, 1850
Theodore Chasseriau
Lake Avernus Aeneas and the Cumaean Sibyl, c.1814-5 - Joseph Mallord William Turner - www.romanticism-in-art.org
Lake Avernus Aeneas and the Cumaean Sibyl, c.1814-5
Joseph Mallord William Turner
Largeness - Caspar David Friedrich - www.romanticism-in-art.org
Largeness
Caspar David Friedrich
Hebe, 1784 - Francisco Javier Ramos y Albertos - www.romanticism-in-art.org
Hebe, 1784
Francisco Javier Ramos y Albertos
A Lion Attacking A Horse, c.1765 - George Stubbs - www.romanticism-in-art.org
A Lion Attacking A Horse, c.1765
George Stubbs
St. Loup defending the city of Troyes against Attila... - Adolphe Francois Pannemaker - www.romanticism-in-art.org
St. Loup defending the city of Troyes against Attila...
Adolphe Francois Pannemaker
Man Struggling with a Boa Constrictor, Study for Liboya... - James Ward - www.romanticism-in-art.org
Man Struggling with a Boa Constrictor, Study for Liboya...
James Ward
Female Nude, Killed from Behind c. 1827 - Eugene Delacroix - www.romanticism-in-art.org
Female Nude, Killed from Behind c. 1827
Eugene Delacroix
Meditation on the History of Italy 1850 - Francesco Paolo Hayez - www.romanticism-in-art.org
Meditation on the History of Italy 1850
Francesco Paolo Hayez

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Page 7 of 92   Paintings: 1100