Romanticism is a complex artistic, literary, and intellectual movement that originated in the second half of the 18th century in Western Europe, and gained strength during the Industrial Revolution. It was partly a revolt against aristocratic social and political norms of the Age of Enlightenment and a reaction against the scientific rationalization of nature, and was embodied most strongly in the visual arts, music, and literature.

The movement stressed strong emotion as a source of aesthetic experience, placing new emphasis on such emotions as trepidation, horror and awe-especially that which is experienced in confronting the sublimity of untamed nature and its picturesque qualities, both new aesthetic categories. It elevated folk art and custom to something noble, and argued for a "natural" epistemology of human activities as conditioned by nature in the form of language, custom and usage.

Our modern sense of a romantic character is sometimes based on Byronic or Romantic ideals. Romanticism reached beyond the rational and Classicist ideal models to elevate medievalism and elements of art and narrative perceived to be authentically medieval, in an attempt to escape the confines of population growth, urban sprawl and industrialism, and it also attempted to embrace the exotic, unfamiliar and distant in modes more authentic than chinoiserie, harnessing the power of the imagination to envision and to escape.

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Page 6 of 92   Paintings: 1100
Lady Macbeth with the Daggers 1812 - Johann Henry Fuseli - www.romanticism-in-art.org
Lady Macbeth with the Daggers 1812
Johann Henry Fuseli
Scheherazade, 1881 - Hermann Emil Sprengel - www.romanticism-in-art.org
Scheherazade, 1881
Hermann Emil Sprengel
Napoleon 1769-1821 at the Battle of Waterloo, 1815 - Charles Auguste Steuben - www.romanticism-in-art.org
Napoleon 1769-1821 at the Battle of Waterloo, 1815
Charles Auguste Steuben
Lady Macbeth approaching the murdered Duncan - William Blake - www.romanticism-in-art.org
Lady Macbeth approaching the murdered Duncan
William Blake
The Judgement Of Paris - William Etty - www.romanticism-in-art.org
The Judgement Of Paris
William Etty
Fight of Achilles with the River Scamander 4 - Philipp Otto Runge - www.romanticism-in-art.org
Fight of Achilles with the River Scamander 4
Philipp Otto Runge
Female Nude Raising Her Arm - Pierre-Paul Prud'hon - www.romanticism-in-art.org
Female Nude Raising Her Arm
Pierre-Paul Prud'hon
Sleeping Nymph, 1850 - Theodore Chasseriau - www.romanticism-in-art.org
Sleeping Nymph, 1850
Theodore Chasseriau
Dragonfly and Mayfly illustration from Stories of Insect... - Louis Fairfax Muckley - www.romanticism-in-art.org
Dragonfly and Mayfly illustration from Stories of Insect...
Louis Fairfax Muckley
A Basket of grapes and apples on a marble ledge - Willem Verbeet - www.romanticism-in-art.org
A Basket of grapes and apples on a marble ledge
Willem Verbeet
Female Nude From Behind - Pierre-Paul Prud'hon - www.romanticism-in-art.org
Female Nude From Behind
Pierre-Paul Prud'hon
The Birth of Venus, 1846 - Eduard Steinbruck - www.romanticism-in-art.org
The Birth of Venus, 1846
Eduard Steinbruck

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Page 6 of 92   Paintings: 1100