Romanticism is a complex artistic, literary, and intellectual movement that originated in the second half of the 18th century in Western Europe, and gained strength during the Industrial Revolution. It was partly a revolt against aristocratic social and political norms of the Age of Enlightenment and a reaction against the scientific rationalization of nature, and was embodied most strongly in the visual arts, music, and literature.

The movement stressed strong emotion as a source of aesthetic experience, placing new emphasis on such emotions as trepidation, horror and awe-especially that which is experienced in confronting the sublimity of untamed nature and its picturesque qualities, both new aesthetic categories. It elevated folk art and custom to something noble, and argued for a "natural" epistemology of human activities as conditioned by nature in the form of language, custom and usage.

Our modern sense of a romantic character is sometimes based on Byronic or Romantic ideals. Romanticism reached beyond the rational and Classicist ideal models to elevate medievalism and elements of art and narrative perceived to be authentically medieval, in an attempt to escape the confines of population growth, urban sprawl and industrialism, and it also attempted to embrace the exotic, unfamiliar and distant in modes more authentic than chinoiserie, harnessing the power of the imagination to envision and to escape.

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Page 5 of 92   Paintings: 1100
The Nightmare 1781 - Johann Henry Fuseli - www.romanticism-in-art.org
The Nightmare 1781
Johann Henry Fuseli
Retribution 1858 - Edward Armitage - www.romanticism-in-art.org
Retribution 1858
Edward Armitage
Portrait of Mikhail Ilarionovich Kutuzov, Prince of... - Roman Maximovich Volkov - www.romanticism-in-art.org
Portrait of Mikhail Ilarionovich Kutuzov, Prince of...
Roman Maximovich Volkov
Soldiers of the 1st Regiment of Foot Guards in Marching... - Charles Hamilton Smith - www.romanticism-in-art.org
Soldiers of the 1st Regiment of Foot Guards in Marching...
Charles Hamilton Smith
The Romans of the Decadence, 1847 - Thomas Couture - www.romanticism-in-art.org
The Romans of the Decadence, 1847
Thomas Couture
Peter Walks on Water, 1806 - Philipp Otto Runge - www.romanticism-in-art.org
Peter Walks on Water, 1806
Philipp Otto Runge
A Moonlit Cove - Sebastian Pether - www.romanticism-in-art.org
A Moonlit Cove
Sebastian Pether
The Picnic   1846 - Thomas Cole - www.romanticism-in-art.org
The Picnic 1846
Thomas Cole
Odalisque 1857 - Eugene Delacroix - www.romanticism-in-art.org
Odalisque 1857
Eugene Delacroix
Don Quixote and Sancho Panza riding Clavileno - Zacarias Gonzalez Velazquez - www.romanticism-in-art.org
Don Quixote and Sancho Panza riding Clavileno
Zacarias Gonzalez Velazquez
Girl Seated in a Cemetery 1824 - Eugene Delacroix - www.romanticism-in-art.org
Girl Seated in a Cemetery 1824
Eugene Delacroix
Slave-Branding from Leeds Anti-Slavery Series 1853 - (after) Mason, W.H. - www.romanticism-in-art.org
Slave-Branding from Leeds Anti-Slavery Series 1853
(after) Mason, W.H.

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Page 5 of 92   Paintings: 1100