Romanticism is a complex artistic, literary, and intellectual movement that originated in the second half of the 18th century in Western Europe, and gained strength during the Industrial Revolution. It was partly a revolt against aristocratic social and political norms of the Age of Enlightenment and a reaction against the scientific rationalization of nature, and was embodied most strongly in the visual arts, music, and literature.

The movement stressed strong emotion as a source of aesthetic experience, placing new emphasis on such emotions as trepidation, horror and awe-especially that which is experienced in confronting the sublimity of untamed nature and its picturesque qualities, both new aesthetic categories. It elevated folk art and custom to something noble, and argued for a "natural" epistemology of human activities as conditioned by nature in the form of language, custom and usage.

Our modern sense of a romantic character is sometimes based on Byronic or Romantic ideals. Romanticism reached beyond the rational and Classicist ideal models to elevate medievalism and elements of art and narrative perceived to be authentically medieval, in an attempt to escape the confines of population growth, urban sprawl and industrialism, and it also attempted to embrace the exotic, unfamiliar and distant in modes more authentic than chinoiserie, harnessing the power of the imagination to envision and to escape.

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Page 4 of 92   Paintings: 1100
Snow Storm, Hannibal and his Army Crossing the Alps... - Joseph Mallord William Turner - www.romanticism-in-art.org
Snow Storm, Hannibal and his Army Crossing the Alps...
Joseph Mallord William Turner
Zeus and Hera on Mount Ida - Andreas or Andries Lens - www.romanticism-in-art.org
Zeus and Hera on Mount Ida
Andreas or Andries Lens
Mount Vesuvius in Eruption, 1817 - Joseph Mallord William Turner - www.romanticism-in-art.org
Mount Vesuvius in Eruption, 1817
Joseph Mallord William Turner
Napoleon Bonaparte - Louis Léopold Boilly - www.romanticism-in-art.org
Napoleon Bonaparte
Louis Léopold Boilly
Nyugvo Pszyche (Venusz és Faun), 1850-55 - Karoly Brocky - www.romanticism-in-art.org
Nyugvo Pszyche (Venusz és Faun), 1850-55
Karoly Brocky
The Tiger and the Boa Constrictor, 1835 - Aloys Zotl - www.romanticism-in-art.org
The Tiger and the Boa Constrictor, 1835
Aloys Zotl
The O-Kee-Pa self-torture religious ceremony of the... - George Catlin - www.romanticism-in-art.org
The O-Kee-Pa self-torture religious ceremony of the...
George Catlin
Female Personification of Sculpture, c.1770 - Giovanni Battista Cipriani - www.romanticism-in-art.org
Female Personification of Sculpture, c.1770
Giovanni Battista Cipriani
Stormy sea with Lighthouse - Karl Blechen - www.romanticism-in-art.org
Stormy sea with Lighthouse
Karl Blechen
A Beehive illustration from Stories of Insect Life - Louis Fairfax Muckley - www.romanticism-in-art.org
A Beehive illustration from Stories of Insect Life
Louis Fairfax Muckley
Feeding the Hungry, A London Soup Kitchen, 1880 - Charles J. Staniland - www.romanticism-in-art.org
Feeding the Hungry, A London Soup Kitchen, 1880
Charles J. Staniland
Female Nude - Pierre-Paul Prud'hon - www.romanticism-in-art.org
Female Nude
Pierre-Paul Prud'hon

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Page 4 of 92   Paintings: 1100