Romanticism is a complex artistic, literary, and intellectual movement that originated in the second half of the 18th century in Western Europe, and gained strength during the Industrial Revolution. It was partly a revolt against aristocratic social and political norms of the Age of Enlightenment and a reaction against the scientific rationalization of nature, and was embodied most strongly in the visual arts, music, and literature.

The movement stressed strong emotion as a source of aesthetic experience, placing new emphasis on such emotions as trepidation, horror and awe-especially that which is experienced in confronting the sublimity of untamed nature and its picturesque qualities, both new aesthetic categories. It elevated folk art and custom to something noble, and argued for a "natural" epistemology of human activities as conditioned by nature in the form of language, custom and usage.

Our modern sense of a romantic character is sometimes based on Byronic or Romantic ideals. Romanticism reached beyond the rational and Classicist ideal models to elevate medievalism and elements of art and narrative perceived to be authentically medieval, in an attempt to escape the confines of population growth, urban sprawl and industrialism, and it also attempted to embrace the exotic, unfamiliar and distant in modes more authentic than chinoiserie, harnessing the power of the imagination to envision and to escape.

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Page 3 of 92   Paintings: 1100
The Kiss 1859 - Francesco Paolo Hayez - www.romanticism-in-art.org
The Kiss 1859
Francesco Paolo Hayez
A Lion Attacking a Horse, c.1762 - George Stubbs - www.romanticism-in-art.org
A Lion Attacking a Horse, c.1762
George Stubbs
Ali Ben Ahmed, the Last Caliph of Constantine, with... - Theodore Chasseriau - www.romanticism-in-art.org
Ali Ben Ahmed, the Last Caliph of Constantine, with...
Theodore Chasseriau
Nude Study - William Etty - www.romanticism-in-art.org
Nude Study
William Etty
Dorsal view of the muscle structure of a progressively... - George Stubbs - www.romanticism-in-art.org
Dorsal view of the muscle structure of a progressively...
George Stubbs
Arabs Skirmishing in the Mountains 1863 - Eugene Delacroix - www.romanticism-in-art.org
Arabs Skirmishing in the Mountains 1863
Eugene Delacroix
The woman who touched the hem of his garment, 1927 - Harold Copping - www.romanticism-in-art.org
The woman who touched the hem of his garment, 1927
Harold Copping
Candaules  King Of Lydia  Shews His Wife By Stealth... - William Etty - www.romanticism-in-art.org
Candaules King Of Lydia Shews His Wife By Stealth...
William Etty
Rato Machhendranath Temple at Bungamati Newari Tribe... - Dr. H.A. Oldfield - www.romanticism-in-art.org
Rato Machhendranath Temple at Bungamati Newari Tribe...
Dr. H.A. Oldfield
Old English Black Horse - William Shiels - www.romanticism-in-art.org
Old English Black Horse
William Shiels
The Ride of the Valkyries - William T. Maud - www.romanticism-in-art.org
The Ride of the Valkyries
William T. Maud
Odalisque Reclining on a Divan 1827-28 - Eugene Delacroix - www.romanticism-in-art.org
Odalisque Reclining on a Divan 1827-28
Eugene Delacroix

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Page 3 of 92   Paintings: 1100