Romanticism is a complex artistic, literary, and intellectual movement that originated in the second half of the 18th century in Western Europe, and gained strength during the Industrial Revolution. It was partly a revolt against aristocratic social and political norms of the Age of Enlightenment and a reaction against the scientific rationalization of nature, and was embodied most strongly in the visual arts, music, and literature.

The movement stressed strong emotion as a source of aesthetic experience, placing new emphasis on such emotions as trepidation, horror and awe-especially that which is experienced in confronting the sublimity of untamed nature and its picturesque qualities, both new aesthetic categories. It elevated folk art and custom to something noble, and argued for a "natural" epistemology of human activities as conditioned by nature in the form of language, custom and usage.

Our modern sense of a romantic character is sometimes based on Byronic or Romantic ideals. Romanticism reached beyond the rational and Classicist ideal models to elevate medievalism and elements of art and narrative perceived to be authentically medieval, in an attempt to escape the confines of population growth, urban sprawl and industrialism, and it also attempted to embrace the exotic, unfamiliar and distant in modes more authentic than chinoiserie, harnessing the power of the imagination to envision and to escape.

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Page 2 of 92   Paintings: 1100
Liberty Leading the People (28th July 1830) 1830 - Eugene Delacroix - www.romanticism-in-art.org
Liberty Leading the People (28th July 1830) 1830
Eugene Delacroix
The Seven Sacraments Confirmation 1779 - Pietro Antonio Novelli - www.romanticism-in-art.org
The Seven Sacraments Confirmation 1779
Pietro Antonio Novelli
Nightmare (The Incubus) 1781-82 - Johann Henry Fuseli - www.romanticism-in-art.org
Nightmare (The Incubus) 1781-82
Johann Henry Fuseli
Female Nude In A Landscape - William Etty - www.romanticism-in-art.org
Female Nude In A Landscape
William Etty
Monastery Graveyard In The Snow - Caspar David Friedrich - www.romanticism-in-art.org
Monastery Graveyard In The Snow
Caspar David Friedrich
Good and Evil Angels Struggling for the Possession... - William Blake - www.romanticism-in-art.org
Good and Evil Angels Struggling for the Possession...
William Blake
Nude Woman Asleep - William Etty - www.romanticism-in-art.org
Nude Woman Asleep
William Etty
A Human Skeleton - James Ward - www.romanticism-in-art.org
A Human Skeleton
James Ward
Good and Evil the Devil Tempting a Young Woman, 1832 - Andre Jacques Victor Orsel - www.romanticism-in-art.org
Good and Evil the Devil Tempting a Young Woman, 1832
Andre Jacques Victor Orsel
Mr Bumble and Oliver Twist, 1924 - Harold Copping - www.romanticism-in-art.org
Mr Bumble and Oliver Twist, 1924
Harold Copping
The Hottentot Venus in the Salon of the Duchess of... - Sebastien Coeure - www.romanticism-in-art.org
The Hottentot Venus in the Salon of the Duchess of...
Sebastien Coeure
The Kiss 1859 - Francesco Paolo Hayez - www.romanticism-in-art.org
The Kiss 1859
Francesco Paolo Hayez

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Page 2 of 92   Paintings: 1100